Keeping your pup healthy and happy means regularly protecting them against nasties like ticks and worms.
Expert vet Dr Lily Richards explains how dogs get worms, how to spot them, and ways to get rid of them.
Dogs can pick up worms in many ways but the most common ones are:
Mums can also pass on worms to their puppies during pregnancy or while nursing.
Leaving worms untreated can cause a range of health issues for your pup, from gut problems to anaemia.
In some cases – particularly in puppies with immature immune systems, older dogs, and those with weakened immune systems – having worms can be fatal. So it’s important to deal with worms as fast as possible and make sure you’re doing regular preventative treatment.
Signs that your pup might be carrying worms include:
It’s not always easy to tell if your dog has worms, so always speak with your vet before your pup’s symptoms worsen.
There’s a wide variety of worms that can infect your dog. The ones you’re most likely to see are:
Don’t try to self-diagnose what worms your dog is carrying. Carefully get a sample and bring this to your vet who can recommend the best treatment.
How long it takes to treat worms varies based on the type of worm and severity of the infestation, which your vet can advise on.
In most cases, it can take up to 24 hours for the tablets to kill all existing worms in your dog’s system.
But it’s important to remember that this won’t stop future infestations, which is why your pup needs regular worm treatments. And don’t forget to regularly treat them for fleas as they can carry tapeworm eggs.
A consistent worming treatment is the best line of defence against these wriggly nasties.
But there’s also other ways you can help reduce the risk of infestation:
The timing of worming depends on your dog’s age, lifestyle, and the risk of coming into contact with them.
Puppies should be wormed every two weeks until they’re 12 weeks old, then monthly up to 6 months old.
Adult dogs should be wormed at least every three months or more frequently if recommended by a vet. This is dependent on lifestyle and the risk of picking up worms.
Your vet will give you the right worming schedule to suit your individual pup.
Sometimes worming tablets can have side effects like vomiting and diarrhoea but these should be mild and not last long.
Talk to your vet if you’re worried that your dog is having a bad reaction to their worming treatment.
Yes, you can safely worm your expecting girl with a treatment specifically designed for pregnant dogs.
Most vets recommend worming a pregnant dog:
Some worming programmes are given throughout pregnancy, so talk to your vet about the best choice for your pup.
While some types of worms can be transmitted from dogs to humans, this isn’t common. Most worms that affect dogs can’t survive in humans.
But it’s always good to practice positive hygiene habits when handling your dog and regularly worm them to reduce the risk of transmission.
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